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Thomas and Ann Morgan in Herefordshire page 7

Morgan's living at Hopton Corner

When our Thomas Morgan's father, Thomas Morgan II, died in 1829 he was listed as living at Hopton Corner, a farm with a main farmhouse and several cottages. Since it was the custom for married hired labor to live in cottages on the farm where they worked, Thomas and Hannah probably lived in one of the cottages at Hopton Corner. Three of the old cottages at Hopton Corner were still present in 2003. One was derelict, one has been remodeled and added on to. The third was not inspected in this investigation. They are Tudor construction, probably of medieval origin, which was a post and beam framework with the spaces between the posts and beams filled with "wattle and daub" (woven willows plastered over with a mixture of clay and horse or cow hair). These space fillers may have been whitewashed, and the wood, which was usually unpainted Oak, naturally turned a weathered silver Grey. So the original look was mudded or whitewashed wall sections bordered by silver Grey weathered Oak beams. And a thatched roof. In the 17th century, with the introduction of brick making from abroad (which had been lost with the departure of the Romans), the spaces between the posts and beams were filled with bricks. Today the bricked-in spaces between the beams and posts are often harled (stuccoed over), the stucco painted white, and the wood painted black, resulting in the distinctive Tudor look of blocks of white bordered with dark horizontal and vertical beams. They were simple cottages, usually one room, or one room and a bedroom, with a large fireplace and baking oven at one end. The roof would have been thatched in Thomas' day. In Herefordshire they are called "Timber Framed" buildings and also "black and white" buildings. Herefordshire was never a rich county, it is expensive to completely reface Tudor cottages in brick and plaster them over, and for this reason many of the black and white timber framed buildings are still visible in Herefordshire.


This cottage (above) at Hopton Corner has been restored but still looks much like it would have looked when Thomas Morgan's father and mother lived in it in the 1820's. It would have had a thatched roof, the beams would have been a weathered silver grey instead of the current painted black, and the sections of white may have been just mud colored.


This cottage (above) at Hopton Corner has fallen to ruins because of an unresolved dispute over ownership and access. Most old cottages in Herefordshire are highly sought after, bring a very high price, and have been restored and put to use.

Thomas and Ann Morgan in Herefordshire page 8

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