Horses were an intergral and deeply ingrained part of our early pioneer family's life.
Children learned to work with, handle, ride, and drive, horses as soon as they were big enough to hold the reins.
The most important basic implement used in farming with horses was the wagon. It was used to haul everything, from rocks to
potatoes to family furniture. Families often lived out of wagons when necessary and slept under them in inclement weather.
The wagon in the picture above has been modified; the old wooden wheels in the front have been replaced with the more modern,
and stronger, iron wheels.
Horses were hitched to farm implements with single trees, double trees or quad trees. The tree shown above is a quad tree,
also known as a four horse evener. It served to even out the differences in the amount each horse pulled as it scrambled
for footing or tried to overcome some disadvantage such as being on the uphill side on a hillside.